28-04-2014, 14:25PrintEpic „to the epic belonging poetry“, called also telling literature, is beside drama and lyric one of three big types of the literature and encloses telling literature in verse or prose form. Applied in the today's usage, epic often appears in enlargement with other art types, thus possibly at the epic theatre, film, music, novel, drama, TV film and computer game in what the action unfolds a subject of the size, dignity and the heroism, as in the classical epic.
Epic means so much like speech, story, history. Short stories, novellas and novels are the most popular and mostly widespread epic forms about which is also reported in the media and is discussed. Newspapers and weekly magazines discuss regularly new releases in reviews. On television there are over and over again conversation rounds to books and authors. Three prominent book events of the year are the Frankfurt Book Fair at the beginning of October, the Leipzig book fair at the middle of March and the lending of the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Up to the poetics of the 17th/18th century the epic is a name for the art of the epic. With the increasing differentiation of the epic poetry in the 18th century and the development of the prose all genres of the telling literature are grasped under the concept Epic. The epic differs from the drama and lyric by basic signs of the creation, the communication and the functionality. Belong to these signs:
the narrative as a typical form of the mediation between narrator and listener or reader and from the perspective of the narrator or the third figure is told (narrative perspective),
the Vergegenwärtigung of the events as a past or unbound contact with the time (narrator's time),
the creation of social states as well as
the portrayal of individual occurrences, experiences (also as a stream of consciousness called).
To the first epic forms are found labels on the objects which explain the object (epigraph) as well as the higher forms (gnome, saying, elegy). In the Kosmogonien, Theogonien and mystic remedial apprenticeships the epic receives a more poetic content, while the natural events are shown in personified actions and events. This is valid for the forms of fairy tales, legends and legends equally. Up to the end of the 18th century the epic determines the signs of these forms.
In the transition period from feudal to the middle-class society the epic changed radically and the crossing of the verse occurs in Europe to the prose epic which found entrance in the beginning not seldom as a poststory from the verse in the prose form. So that this differentiated world was to be made handy, new narrative forms had to develop. If the novel belongs to it. At the same time originated, conditioned by the industrial revolution, more actual mechanisms for the spreading and production of literature. The development of the literary forms and it thereby accelerated forms developed like the novella, the gloss and the short history.
Forms of the epic:
Novel of education
Novel of education
Parable / simile
Colloquially the concept is often used epically to point out to an especially big magnitude (in particular length, depth) to an action. Examples of it are explained statements of the form that circumstances in epic width, depth or length, are described or was shown. On the one hand the use owns from case to case a critical or negative connotation and that which uses the concept epically, indicates with the fact that the action from his view has lasted longer than he had expected or had judged for necessary.
On the other hand, it is derived "epically" (from English "epic") in the net culture used to value circumstances as a superlative especially positively.